HOW TO UNDERSTAND ENGLISH GRAMMAR.
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|HOW TO UNDERSTAND ENGLISH GRAMMAR|
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It is our fourth class:
4 - PRONOUN
A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun or noun phrase. Pronoun refer to either a noun that has already been mentioned or to a noun that does not need to be named specifically.
Juhi is a brilliant girl. She is the favorite of all the teachers.
In the above example the word 'she' stands for the noun Juhi. So word she is a pronoun.
The noun for which a pronoun stands is called its antecedent. Here Juhi is antecedent.
|PRONOUN - HOW TO UNDERSTAND ENGLISH GRAMMAR|
I, he, she, it, we, you, they are personal pronouns.
I, me, we, us are the first person pronouns.
You is the second person pronoun.
He, she, it, him, her, they, them are the third person pronouns.
GENDER OF PRONOUNS
Just as the gender of nouns, there are the gender of pronouns.
1. First person and second person pronouns.
I, me, mine, you, yours, we, us, ours "both for males and females (common gender)".
2. Third person singular form pronouns.he, him, his "for males only (masculine)".
she, her, hers "for females only (feminine)".
it "for non-living things and animals".
3. Third person plural form pronouns.
they, them, theirs "common for males, females, animals as well as non-living things.
The pronouns myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves are acting as the objectes to verb but they refer to the same persons as subjects to the verb.
Reflexive pronouns are used to show that the object of the verb refers to the same person, animal or thing as the subject.
We did the work ourselves.
(subject pronoun) (reflexive pronoun)
A pronoun used to convey emphasis is called an emphasising pronoun. Reflexive pronouns and emphasising are identical in form. We should try to understand their function to differentiate them. For example :
I myself locked the door.
You yourself asked for money.
The pronouns myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves are used to emphasis something about the subject. They are used with a noun or a pronoun for emphasis. So, they are called emphasising pronouns.
A demonstrative pronoun is used to point out the objects mentioned in the sentence. This, that, these, those are demonstrative pronouns. For example :
This is my computer.
That is your car.
These are pens and those are pencils.
An Interrogative pronoun is used to ask a question. For example : what, who, which, whom.
What is your name?
Whom did you like?
Just as the possessive nouns, we have possessive pronouns, when we use words : me, mine, yours, ours, theirs to show possession. We use possessive pronouns to talk about things belonging to people. These words show possession. For example :
He is reading with my book, he has lost his.
We own this car, it is ours.
A relative pronoun relates a noun to a group of words that follow the noun. For example :
1. Where is the person who gave you this news?
2. This is the pen which you have been looking for.
3. Here are the papers that you wanted.
In these sentences, the words who, which and that have been used as relative pronouns. They relate a noun to the group of words that follow the noun.
The noun to which a relative pronoun refers back is called its antecedent. In the sentence the word person is the antecedent of the relative pronoun who.
As the rule, we use who with people (the person who) and which with thing (the pen which). That can be used both with people and things.
Let's do your Practice and go to :-
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