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Indian Constitution and Politics

Indian Constitution and Politics


Friends, My this post is about Indian Constitution and Politics.


The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949, and came into effect on 26th January 1950. Politics in India take place within the framework of its constitution, as India is federal parliamentary democratic republic, in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of the central government.
Indian Constitution and Politics
The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949, and came into effect on 26th January 1950. In India, there is a bicameral federal parliament: the Rajya Sabha or council of states (upper house) and the Lok Sabha or house of the people (lower house).


Politics in India take place within the framework of its constitution, as India is federal parliamentary democratic republic, in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of the central government.


1. What is the minimum age for becoming Governor of a state in India?

    35 Years



2. Inspiration of distribution of powers between Centre and State is taken from which country?

    Canada



3. When was the Indian constitution adopted by the constituent assembly?

    November 26, 1949



4. When was the first meeting of the constituent assembly held?

    December 9, 1946



5. Which leader resigned from the Presidentship of Indian National Congress in 1939 due to the differences with Mahatma Gandhi?

    Subhash Chandra Bose



6. Name the PM who had to face confidence motion within 24 hours of assuming office?

    I.K. Gujral, April 22, 1977



7. What is the maximum numbers of seats of the Lok Sabha as envisaged by the constitution?

    552



8. Name the two Chief Ministers of States who were married on the same day under the same Mandap.

    Lalu Yadav and Rabri Devi



9. Name the Prime Minister who led maximum number of parties to form a Government in the centre?

    A.B. Vajpayee (24 Parties)



10. Who had been the first woman deputy chairperson of Rajya Sabha?

   Violet Alva (1962 to 1966 & 1966 to 1969)



11. How many members the constituent assembly had which was elected in July 1946 by Provincial assemblies?

   389



12. Name the first woman candidate for Presidentship?

   Mrs. Laxmi Sehgal



13. Who had been Rajya Sabha member for maximum period?

   Dr. S. Radhakrishnan (1952 to 1962)



14. Who had been the deputy chairperson of Rajya Sabha for most times?

   Najma Heptullah (1985, 1988, 1992 and 1998)



15. Which title did Gandhi Ji refuse in protest against the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre?

   Kesar-E-Hind



16. Who gave the slogan “In one country 2 signs, 2 heads and two constitutions, won’t exist.”

   Shyama Prasad Mukherji



17. Under the banner of which political party did Morarji Desai become the Prime Minister?

   Janta Party



18. Who was the first Indian elected Chairman of executive Committee of common wealth Parliamentary Association?

   Balram Jakhar, 1984



19. In which Lok Sabha Maximum time was spent on discussion over the budget?

   Third Lok Sabha (934 hrs.)



20. In which year the Lok Sabha seats were increased from 525 to 545?

   1973 (31 Amendment)



21. Which Lok Sabha Speaker had the shortest term?

   Neelam Sanjeev Reddy (March to July 1977)



22. Which Lok Sabha Speaker had the longest term?

   Balram Jakhar (10 Years)



23. After the gap of how many years, Finance commission is set up by the President?

   5 Years



24. Who has been the first Indian woman to be elected as President of Inter-Parliamentary union?

   Dr. Najma Heptullah (1999 – 2002)



25. Name the Prime Minister who led largest council of Ministers?

   A.B. Vajpayee had 81 Ministers as on Sept. 12, 2003



26. When did Indira Gandhi become the president of Congress party?

   1960



27. Who was the National President of Indian National Congress at the time of Independence?

   Acharya J.B. Kirplani



28. Name the famous scientist who became the President of India.

   A.P.J. Abdul Kalam



29. Which States had Presidents rule for maximum times?

   Punjab, U.P. and Kerala (each nine times)



30. Name the first woman candidate who fought for Presidential election?

   Dr. Laxmi Sehgal, against A.P.J. Abdul Kalam



31. How many heads were important in fundamental rights classified in original constitution?

   7



32. Name the first PM to be convicted?

   P.V. Narsimha Rao on Sept. 29, 2000



33. Name the President who travelled in a Submarine?

   Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam



34. Name the first President who took flight in a Supersonic fighter plane?

    Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam



35. When was the first budget of free India presented?

   Nov. 26, 1947



36. At which place Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated?

   Sriperambdur, Chennai



37. Name the first political party which went online with its website?

   BJP (on Jan. 8, 1998)



38. When did Lal Bahadur Shastri become the Prime Minister of India?

   1964



39. Name the first Lok Sabha Speaker to die in harness?

   G.M.C. Balyogi



40. When did Indo-Pak war take place in the Rann of Katcch?

   1965



41. Which state had Presidents rule for minimum period?

   Orrisa (13 days from Dec. 16 – 28, 1976)



42. Which state had Presidents rule for maximum period?

   Punjab (from May 11, 1987 – Feb. 25, 1992)



43. What is the maximum number of judges in the Supreme Court besides the Chief Justice?

   30



44. Who had been Rajya Sabha memer for maximum period?

   Seeta Ram Kesari (for 23 Yrs., 1971 – 1988 & 1994 – 2000)



45. Name the first Ex-PM to arrested?

   Indira Gandhi (Nov. 5, 1977)



46. Who was the first Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha?

   Anant Shayanam Ayyanger (May 30, 1952 – March 7, 1956)



47. Who had been the first Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha?

   S.V. Krishna Murthy Rao (May 13, 1952 – May 12, 1962)



48. Which is the oldest regional Political Party of India?

   DMK, founded by CN Annadurai in 1949



49. Who had been the woman Chief Minister in Tamilnadu for longest period?

   J. Jayalalitha of AIADMK



50. Name the first PM who was summoned by court?

   P. V. Narsimharao (on July 9, 1996 in Chandraswamy case)



51. When was first Interim Government setup?

   September 1946



52. Name the first person to resign from central Ministry?

   Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherji (resigned from Union Cabinet & Congress Party on April 19, 1950)



53. Who accepted the merger of Kashmir with India?

   Raja Hari Singh



54. When was single longest sitting of Lok Sabha held?

   22 hrs (approx) from 11 AM on Aug. 30, 1997 upto 8:24 AM Aug. 31, 1997



55. On which date Rajya Sabha was constituted?

   3rd April, 1952



56. Which party came to power during the first Vidhan Sabha election in Delhi in 1993?

   BJP



57. In which year Jan Gan Man was approved as National Anthem?

   Jan. 24, 1950



58. Which Indian President remained in office for the shortest period?

   Dr. Zakir Hussain



59. When was the Indian Constitution amended for the first time?

   1951



60. Who was the defence minister during Indo-Pak war of 1971?

   Babu Jagjivan Ram



61. When did China attack India?

   1962



62. Name the person who had the distinction of being the only member of Lok Sabha to hold office from the first term of the house till his death?

   Jagjeevan Ram (MP from 1950 – 1986)



63. Who became the Prime Minister of India at the age of 81 years?

   Morarji Desai



64. Who was the first President who cast his vote in a general election?

   K.R. Narayanan



65. Who is founder of communist party of India?

   Satya Bhakt established in Kanpur in July 1924.



66. In which year the Parliament hold maximum number of sittings in a year?

   In 1956, 5 sittings comprising 1026 hrs.



67. Where was the Court Marshal for INA officers held?

   Red Fort in Delhi



68. When did Goa, Daman and Diu become part of free India?

   December 19, 1961



69. Under whose chairmanship was the Indian constitution passed?

   Dr. Rajendra Prasad



70. For how much time did the emergency imposed in 1975 prevail in India?

   19 months



71. Who defeated Indira Gandhi in 1977 elections?

   Rajnarayan



72. Inspiration for Republic system of the constitution is taken from which country?

   France



73. When was CPI split into two parties?

   1964 at Kolkata



74. In which part of Indian constitution, description of states and union territories is present?

   First



75. Name the person who had been elected from most states?

   Atal Behari Vajpai (elected from four states Gujarat, Delhi, U.P. and M.P.)



76. What is the minimum age for the candidate for Rajya Sabha?

   30 Years



77. Which state of India has the least population?

   Sikkim



78. Name the leader who continued as Chief Minister of a state for maximum period.

   Jyoti Basu



79. Who will be the caretaker for President in absence of both president and vice president?

   Chief Justice of Supreme Court



80. Political party “Panther Party” belongs to which state?

   Jammu & Kashmir



81. Which article of the Constitution of India was described by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as the “Heart & Soul of Constitution?

   Article 32



82. On the recommendations of which body, the sharing of Finance is done between center and states?

   Finance Commission



83. Who was the first Chairman of the Constituent assembly?

   Sachidanand Sinha



84. When were most laws enacted in single Lok Sabha tenure?

   In first Lok Sabha (322 acts were enacted)



85. Who administers to the President in the absence of the Chief Justice of Supreme Court?

   Senior Most Judge of Supreme Court



86. Which Article of Constitution, ensures abolition of untouchability?

   Article-17



87. Which President won with least margin of votes?

   V.V. Giri polled 50.2% against Sanjeev Reddy who polled 48.5%



88. Who appoints Governers in the state?

   President



89. Who appoints Judges of the Supreme Court?

   President



90. Who appoints the election Commissioners?

   President



91. What can be the maximum number of Judges in Supreme Court?

   31



92. When was Jawahar Lal Nehru elected the president of All India Congress for the first time?

   1929-1930



93. Name the first women’s organization set up in India?

   Indian women’s Association founded in 1917 by Annie Besant and others



94. The Indian Parliament comprises of ……..

   President, Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha



95. Who is the first citizen of India?

   The President



96. When does election campaign stop before the start of elections?

   48 hours before closing time of election



97. How much time was taken by the constituent assembly to finalize the Constitution?

   2 yrs. 11 months 18 days



98. Who was the first President from Dalits?

   K.R. Narayanan



99. Name the President who dissolved Lok Sabha twice?

   K.R. Narayanan (1997 & 1999)



100. Who is the empowered to prescribe the powers and duties of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India?

  Parliament



101. Concept of Independent and impartial Judicary in Indian Constitution was taken from which country?

  United States Of America, U.S.A.




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